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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

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The Spatial Position of Cities and Regional Development. Re ning is now accepted in principle in most developing societies, not common, however, is an explicit recognition of the part that u and in particular the spatial location of urban places, could play oration of regional plans. Frequently, regions are defined-as, f river-basin authorities—without any reference either to the ex structure or to what it might become. The fact that cities are noi the process of development is lost sight of. The role they play places" in providing goods and services to an agricultural hinte some lower level of urban places too often is neglected.
Within most developing countries there are areas that can be ti an urban standpoint, undeveloped (very low degree of urbanizati internal and external communiction); underdeveloped (substanti tion but not well articulated with the resources of the region developed (too much urban concentration—primary cities are th< ing example—in relation to resources such as water). Each of the: requires its own set of directives. In particular, regions classified oped need careful attention, for it is here that the urban regional do more than try to correct earlier mistakes. He can be instrumen down an economically and socially viable network.
Costs and Benefits of Urbanization
At the beginning of this section we stated that urbanization is a concomitant of economic development. Yet much current discuss that urban centers are a handicap to development, as shown by si "overurbanization," "pathological urbanization," "parasitic cities the merit of these criticisms, it should be remembered that both and currently a close relationship—that has been frequently dc statistically—exists between indices of economic development an urbanization. In the most general terms, productivity is greater in in rural environments, because, briefly stated, the concentrator tion brought about by urbanization permits a higher division o reduces costs caused by the "friction of space."
There is great uncertainty about how to interpret studies that 1 estimate the monetary cost of urbanization, i.e., how much mom to create a new job for a rural-urban migrant. The results usually high costs that it is concluded that it is better to reduce rural-urba drastically and to make efforts to keep prospective migrants in communities of origin. It is difficult to argue with the of these studies, but it can be asked if they are attuned to the r< situation. Any similar study in the period of intense urbanizal